Lesson 5: Cloning and Embryonic Stem Cell Use (Lectures 7 and 8)
- What are the three most significant recommendations found in the Scientific and Medical Aspects of Human Cloning, the report of the National Academy of the Science on cloning?
- What are the most significant recommendations found in Human Cloning and Human Dignity, the report of the President's Council on Bioethics on cloning?
- In order to better understand and sort out the ethical issues of cloning-to-produce-children and cloning-for-biomedical-research describe both in the ethical language of object, circumstances, and intention.
- Describe the scientific process of somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) that is the current method of cloning.
- What are the most significant ethical elements in the issue of cloning to produce children?
- Examine the excerpt from the statement of Professor Lawrence Tribe. What values are embedded in that statement?
- The experiment of cloning-to-produce-children must be carried out in accordance with the norms governing experimentation on human subjects. What provisions of those codes apply here?
- What are the potential harms and injustices to prospective offspring who might be cloned? What are the potential benefits?
- What are the potential harms and injustices to women who might take part in the cloning process? What are the potential benefits?
- What are some of the potential harms and injustices to families and society as a consequence of the acceptance of cloning? What are the potential benefits.
- If cloning-for-the production-of-children is violative of your religious principles, why is this so?
- One of the purposes of cloning-for-biomedical-research is the removal of stem cells from the inner cell mass of the embryo. The removal of the inner cell mass causes the destruction of the embryo. The ontological status of the embryo is, then, a critical issue in assessing the morality of the process. List and evaluate the three positions found in contemporary bioethical literature on the status of the embryo.
- What are some of the sources of stem cells and why are stem cells so valuable?