Lecture 12: Rhetoric and Poetics
A. Reason directs its knowing about practical things: rhetoric and poetics.
B. Completes logic and gives important tools for speculative knowledge.
C. Two parts: enthymeme and example, metaphor.
A. Order of consideration of rhetoric.
B. What rhetoric is.
1. Difference: dialectic knowledge, rhetoric persuasion to action.
C. Tools of rhetoric.
1. Tools of rhetoric helpful for philosophical beginner: enthymeme and example.
2. Compare and contrast enthymeme and example to syllogism and induction.
(1) Likeness: syllogism being from more universal.
(a) Enthymeme also begins with more universal.
(2) Likeness: induction begins with particular or individual.
(a) Example also begins with individuals.
(1) Contrast instances of syllogism and enthymeme.
(2) Contrast induction and example: universal vs. particular conclusion.
3. Summary of enthymeme and example.
a. Use of these tools in rhetoric.
A. Poetics and metaphor: order of consideration.
B. Definition of metaphor.
1. Reasons poets and Scripture use metaphor.
a. Poetic instances.
b. Scriptural instance.
C. Difference between metaphor and analogy.
IV. Summing up: necessity of lesser tools.
A. Purposes for this class: understand logical terms.
B. Use logic to analyze readings.
C. Use logic to think and teach.