Lecture 5: Analogy and the Statement

 

Readings

Supplementary Text

 

I. Introduction.

    A. Two subjects
        1. Analogy.
        2. The Statement.


II.    Analogy.
    A. What analogy is.
        1. Example in Categories: equivocal has related meanings.
            a. Not always related, so two kinds of equivocals: analogy and pure.
        2. Analogy middle between univocal and pure equivocal: partly the same, partly different meaning.
        3. Analogy has an order among the meanings.
            a. Example: the word medical.
    B. Objection: seems analogy leads to confusion.
        1. Analogy is tool which uses likeness to make known what something is.
            a. Example of analogy making something known: seeing.
        2. Analogy necessary in theology.


III.    The second operation and the statement.
    A. Meaning of title On Interpretation: statement is an interpreter.
        1. Why statement is the perfect interpreter.
        2. Relation of speech, thought, and reality.
        3. Difference between first and second operation. 
    B. Definition of statement and its parts.
        1. Genus of parts of statement: simple expressions signify by convention.
            a. Simple expressions have no part which signifies by itself.
        2. Difference between noun and verb: verb signifies with time.
            a. Noun signifies without time.
        3. What kind of sentence a statement is: signifies the true or false.


IV.    Conclusion: next time kinds of statements and relations between them.

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