The most complete recent history of the encounter between Galileo and the Inquisition is the work of Fantoli. For a good account both of Galileo the scientist and his encounter with the Inquisition, see Sharratt.
Professor Albert Van Helden of Rice University has established a world-wide web site on Galileo: http://galileo.rice.edu/; students should examine its offerings. In addition, students should consult the web site of the Institute and Museum of the History of Science in Florence (now the Museo Galileo): http://http://www.museogalileo.it/en
From time to time throughout the lectures we will be using references from the works listed below.
Blackwell, Richard J. "Galileo Galilei," in The History of Science and Religion in the Western Tradition: An Encyclopedia, edited by Gary B. Fergren, pp. 85-89 (New York: Garland, 2000).
Fantoli, Annibale. "Galileo and the Church," in Encyclopedia of the Scientific Revolution: From Copernicus to Newton, edited by Wilbur Applebaum, pp. 252-255 (New York: Garland, 2000).
Settle, Thomas B. "Galilei, Galileo," in Encyclopedia of the Scientific Revolution: From Copernicus to Newton, edited by Wilbur Applebaum, pp. 245-252 (New York: Garland, 2000).
Blackwell, Richard J. Galileo, Bellarmine, and the Bible. University of Notre Dame Press, 1991.
Blackwell, Richard J. Science, Religion, and Authority: Lessons from the Galileo Affair. Marquette University Press, 1998.
Drake, Stillman (ed.) Discoveries and Opinions of Galileo. Garden City, New York: Doubleday, 1957.
Fantoli, Annibale. Galileo: for Copernicanism and for the Church. (translated by George Coyne), second edition. Vatican Observatory Publications, 1996.
Finocchiaro, Maurice A. (ed.) The Galileo Affair: A Documentary History. The University of California Press, 1989.
Langford, Jerome. Galileo, Science, and the Church. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press, 1966
Sharratt, Michael. Galileo: Decisive Innovator. Oxford: Blackwell, 1994.
More Specialized Studies
Ariew, Roger. "Galileo's Lunar Observations in the Context of Medieval Lunar Theory," Studies in the History and Philosophy of Science 15, no. 3 (1984), pp. 212-227.
Brooke, John Hedley. Science and Religion: Some Historical Perspectives. Cambridge University Press, 1991.
Carroll, William E. "Galileo and the Interpretation of the Bible," Science & Education 8:2 (1999), pp. 151-187.
Feldhay, Rivka. Galileo and the Church: Political Inquisition or Critical Dialogue? Cambridge University Press, 1995.
Pederson, Olaf. Galileo and the Council of Trent. Vatican Observatory Publications, 1983. (Second edition, 1991)
Redondi, Pietro. Galileo Heretic. (trans. by R. Rosenthal). Princeton University Press, 1987 [Galileo eretico, Einaudi, 1983].
Van Helden, Albert (trans./ed.). Sidereus Nuncius or The Sidereal Messenger. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1989.
Wallace, William A. Galileo and His Sources. Princeton University Press, 1984.