III. FOUNDING THE MODERN PROJECT: DESCARTES' METHODICAL DOUBT

A. Required Readings:

    Primary Texts:

      Rene Descartes, Discourse on Method, parts I and II [ARIEW: 12-19]

      Rene Descartes, Meditations, I and II [ARIEW: 27-34]

    Secondary Literature: read one of the following

      Etienne Gilson and Thomas Langan, Modern Philosophy: Descartes to Kant (New York: Random House, 1963), pp. 55-67

      Frederick Copleston, S.J., A History of Philosophy, Vol IV (New York: Image, 1963), pp. 63-115

      James Collins, History of European Philosophy (Milwaukee: Bruce, 1954) pp. 138-174

B. Writing Assignment:

    Write a 5 page paper on THE COGITO: what is it? How is it discovered? What function does it serve in Descartes philosophy?

C. Supplemental Readings:

    Richard Kennington, "Rene Descartes," in History of Political Philosophy, eds. Leo Strauss and Joseph Cropsey, 3rd ed. (Chicago: Univ. of Chicago Press, 1987), pp. 421-439.

    Richard Kennington, "Descartes and the Mastery of Nature," in Organism, Medicine, and Metaphysics, ed. S. F. Spicker (Dordrecht, Holland: D. Reidel, 1978), pp. 201-223.

    John Paul II, Crossing the Threshold of Hope Edited by Vittorio Messori (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1994), pp. 37-41, 50-54.

    Etienne Gilson, "Cartesian Idealism," Unity of Philosophical Experience. New York: Scribner's, 1937. pp. 176-197.

    Etienne Gilson, "Cartesian Mathematicism," Unity of Philosophical Experience. New York: Scribner's, 1937. pp. 125-151.

    Jacques Maritain. The Dream of Descartes trans. Labelle L Andison .London: Editions Poetry, 1946. pp. 9-23.

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