II. THE MODERN PROJECT: ORIGIN AND SCOPE

A. Required Readings:

      Machiavelli, The Prince, Books 15, 16, 17 25 [MORGAN: 532-536; 551-553]

      Bacon, New Organon [ARIEW: 4-7]

    Secondary Literature: read one of the following

      Etienne Gilson and Thomas Langan, Modern Philosophy: Descartes to Kant (New York: Random House, 1963), pp. 3-6, 16-24, 25-44

      OR

      James Collins, History of European Philosophy (Milwaukee: Bruce, 1954) pp. 51-100

B. Writing Assignment:

    Write a 3-4 page paper on the following theme: In what ways did Bacon and Machiavelli claim to find fault with ancient philosophy?

C. Supplemental Readings:

    Richard Kennington. "Bacon's Critique of Ancient Philosophy in New Organon, I." In Nature and Scientific Method, ed. D. Dahlstrom, 300-310. Washington, D. C.: Catholic University of America, 1991.

    Howard White. "Francis Bacon" in History of Political Philosophy, eds. Leo Strauss and Joseph Cropsey, 3rd ed. (Chicago: Univ. of Chicago Press, 1987), 366-385.

    Leo Strauss. "The Three Waves of Modernity." In Political Philosophy: Six Essays by Leo Strauss, ed. Hildail Gilden, pp. 81-98. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1975.

    Pierre Manent. 1995. An Intellectual History of Liberalism. Princeton: Princeton University, 1995. pp. 10-19.

    Stephen Toulmin, "Descartes in His Time," in David Weismann, editor, Discourse on Method and Meditations on First Philosophy. New Haven: Yale, 1996. pp. 121-146.

    Stephen Toulmin, Cosmopolis: The Hidden Agenda of Modernity. Chicago: University of Chicago, 1990. pp. 5-88.

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