Lesson 5

 

Review Questions

What are moral absolutes?

What are material norms?

What is a material or ontic or pre-moral evil?

Does the end justify the means? Does a good end justify evil means?

What are some examples of acts that are always wrong?

Why may we never do evil?

If people naturally seek the good, why do they ever do evil?

Explain the difference between a directing will and a permitting will.

Tell how to apply the principle of double effect. Give an example.

What are the four conditions for the application of this principle of double effect?

What is formal cooperation in the evil act of another? Is it ever permissible?

What is immediate material cooperation in evil? Is it ever permissible?

What is mediate material cooperation in evil? Is it ever permissible?


Assignment

An enemy grenade landed in the midst of a small group of soldiers. William Foster threw himself on the grenade which immediately exploded. He died; the others lived. Suicide is always wrong. Analyze his actions according to the principles of doing good and avoiding evil, double effect, and formal cooperation in the evil act of another.

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